Wednesday, June 21, 2017

National Monuments in Danger


Morning in the Valley of the Gods
Bears Ears National Monument. Utah. May 13, 2016.
Copyright © 2017 A. F. Litt, All Rights Reserved
www.aflitt.com/bearsearsnm


National Monuments in Danger:

https://sites.google.com/view/nationalmonumentsindanger/home


Before the comments deadline passes for the national monuments currently "under review" by the Interior Department for reduction or elimination, I hope to post some information and images on each of the monuments on the list.

I've been to some of them, but I will be supplementing this series with photos from other sources, too. Of course, I'd love to spend the next month on the road visiting each of them myself, but that just isn't possible right now!

This list starts with Bears Ears and Grand Staircase-Escalante, the two monuments in the most jeopardy, and then will continue in alphabetical order from there.


To comment on the monument review process (due July 10, 2017):



National Monuments in Danger



National Monuments in Danger: Oil and Gas and the BLM
Tracking BLM press releases on Oil and Gas leases, sales, etc.
http://rubble.blogspot.com/2017/06/monuments-in-danger-oil-gas-blm.html


National Monuments in Danger: 27 Monuments Project
http://rubble.blogspot.com/2017/06/national-monuments-in-danger-27.html


Bears Ears National Monument:

Bears Ears National Monument: 27 Monuments Stop #4 (June 21, 2017)
http://rubble.blogspot.com/2017/06/bears-ears-nm-27-monuments.html

Secretary Zinke's Initial Recommendations (June 16, 2017)
http://rubble.blogspot.com/2017/06/bears-ears-national-monument-secretary.html

A Quick Tour of a Monument in Danger (June 13, 2017)
http://rubble.blogspot.com/2017/06/bears-ears-nm-quick-tour.html

Video and Links Collection(April 27, 2017)
http://rubble.blogspot.com/2017/04/bears-ears-nm-video-collection.html

Losing the Valley of the Gods?
http://rubble.blogspot.com/2017/06/bears-ears-nm-valley-of-the-gods.html

Jacobs Chair (June 10, 2017)
http://rubble.blogspot.com/2017/06/bears-ears-nm-jacobs-chair.html

Butler Wash (June 9, 2017)
http://rubble.blogspot.com/2017/06/bears-ears-national-monument-butler-wash.html



Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument: 

A Grand Stair Step (September 13, 2016)
http://rubble.blogspot.com/2016/09/a-grand-stair-step.html

Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument: 27 Monuments Stop #5 (June 21, 2016)
http://rubble.blogspot.com/2017/06/grand-staircase-escalante-nm-27-monuments.html



Canyons of the Ancients National Monument:

27 Monuments Stop #3
http://rubble.blogspot.com/2017/06/canyons-of-ancients-nm-27-monuments.html

Sleeping Ute Mountain from Lowry Pueblo (September 23, 2016)
http://rubble.blogspot.com/2016/09/sleeping-ute-mountain-from-lowry-pueblo.html


Carrizo Plain National Monument: 

Super Bloom (June 13, 2017)
http://rubble.blogspot.com/2017/06/carrizo-plain-national-monument-super.html


Craters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve:

1962 Addition to the National Monument (June 18, 2017)
http://rubble.blogspot.com/2017/06/craters-of-moon-nm-1962-addition.html

Storm Approaching the Craters of the Moon (September 12, 2016)
http://rubble.blogspot.com/2016/09/storm-approaching-craters-of-moon.html


Katahdin Woods and Waters National Monument: 

Secretary Zinke Goes Exploring (June 17, 2017)
http://rubble.blogspot.com/2017/06/katahdin-woods-and-waters.html


Mojave Trails National Monument:

National Monuments in Danger (June 13, 2017)
http://rubble.blogspot.com/2017/06/mojave-trails-nm-at-risk.html


Organ Mountains-Desert Peaks National Monument:

27 Monuments Stop #2 (June 19, 2017)
http://rubble.blogspot.com/2017/06/organ-mountains-desert-peaks-national.html


Rio Grande del Norte National Monument:

27 Monuments Stop #1 (June 19, 2017)
http://rubble.blogspot.com/2017/06/rio-grande-del-norte-national-monument.html


Sand to Snow National Monument:

National Monuments in Danger (June 14, 2017)
http://rubble.blogspot.com/2017/06/sand-to-snow-national-monument-national.html


Vermilion Cliffs National Monument:

Vermilion Cliffs (September 14, 2016)
http://rubble.blogspot.com/2016/09/vermilion-cliffs.html



National Monuments in Danger:

https://sites.google.com/view/nationalmonumentsindanger/home



To comment on the monument review process (due July 10, 2017):

Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke has extended the comment public comment period for Bears Ears to July 10, 2017, the same as the rest of the monuments currently under review.



National Monuments Being Initially Reviewed Pursuant to Criteria in Executive Order 13792
Monument
Location
Year(s)
Acreage
Basin and Range
Nevada
2015
703,585
Bears Ears
Utah
2016
1,353,000
Berryessa Snow Mountain
California
2015
330,780
Canyons of the Ancients
Colorado
2000
175,160
Carrizo Plain
California
2001
204,107
Cascade Siskiyou
Oregon
2000/2017
100,000
Craters of the Moon
Idaho
1924/2000
737,525
Giant Sequoia
California
2000
327,760
Gold Butte
Nevada
2016
296,937
Grand Canyon-Parashant
Arizona
2000
1,014,000
Grand Staircase-Escalante
Utah
1996
1,700,000
Hanford Reach
Washington
2000
194,450.93
Ironwood Forest
Arizona
2000
128,917
Mojave Trails
California
2016
1,600,000
Organ Mountains-Desert Peaks
New Mexico
2014
496,330
Rio Grande del Norte
New Mexico
2013
242,555
Sand to Snow
California
2016
154,000
San Gabriel Mountains
California
2014
346,177
Sonoran Desert
Arizona
2001
486,149
Upper Missouri River Breaks
Montana
2001
377,346
Vermilion Cliffs
Arizona
2000
279,568

National Monuments Being Reviewed To Determine Whether the Designation or Expansion Was Made Without Adequate Public Outreach and Coordination With Relevant Stakeholders
Katahadin Woods and Waters
Maine
2016
87,563


Marine National Monuments Being Reviewed Pursuant to Executive Orders 13795 and 13792
Marianas Trench
CNMI/Pacific Ocean
2009
60,938,240
Northeast Canyons and Seamounts
Atlantic Ocean
2016
3,114,320
Pacific Remote Islands
Pacific Ocean
2009
55,608,320
Papahanaumokuakea
Hawaii
2006/2016
89,600,000
Rose Atoll
American Samoa
2009
8,609,045


Executive Order 13792 - Review of Designations Under the Antiquities Act:

Executive Order 13795 - Implementing an America-First Offshore Energy Strategy
NPR: What Utah's Canyon Country Can Tell Us About Trump's Monuments Review (June 10, 2017) 

This article is mostly focused on Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument, which is number two on the Trump Administrations hit list, but it deals with many of the same issues as the others, and it is a good look at the longer term effects of these sorts of monuments. It was the first one to be managed by the BLM and just turned 20 years old in 2016.



Leaked documents show Trump administration plans more mining and drilling on public lands (The Trump administration looks to “streamline” the fossil fuel extraction process)


Washington Post: Trump orders review of national monuments, vows to ‘end these abuses and return control to the people’



Donate to The Wilderness Society: Stop President Trump from making a monumental mistake


Salon: Dear President Trump: America’s most egregious “federal land grab” was in 1891, under Benjamin Harrison


LA Times: Here are the national monuments being reviewed under Trump's order


USA Today: 24 national monuments threatened by Trump's executive order

Trump is targeting all or part of monuments that make up 100,000 acres or more, and were created by presidential proclamation since 1996. The White House released a list of 24 of them on Wednesday. They are:
► Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument in Utah, proclaimed by President Clinton in 1996. (1.7 million acres).
► Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument in Arizona, proclaimed by Clinton in 2000 (1 million acres).
► Giant Sequoia National Monument in California, proclaimed by Clinton in 2000 (327,769 acres).
► Vermilion Cliffs National Monument in Arizona, proclaimed by Clinton in 2000 (279,568 acres).
► Hanford Reach National Monument in Washington, proclaimed by Clinton in 2000 (194,450 acres).
► Canyons of the Ancients National Monument in Colorado, proclaimed by Clinton in 2000 (175,160 acres).
► Ironwood Forest National Monument in Arizona, proclaimed by Clinton in 2000 (128,917 acres).
► Sonoran Desert National Monument in Arizona, proclaimed by Clinton in 2001 (486,149 acres).
► Upper Missouri River Breaks National Monument in Montana, proclaimed by Clinton in 2001 (377,346 acres).
► Carrizo Plain National Monument in California, proclaimed by Clinton in 2001 (204,107 acres).
► Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument in the Pacific Ocean, proclaimed by President George W. Bush in 2006 and expanded by President Barack Obama in 2016, (89.6 million acres).
► Marianas Trench Marine National Monument in the Pacific Ocean, proclaimed by Bush in 2009 (60.9 million acres).
► Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument in the Pacific Ocean, proclaimed by Bush in 2009 and enlarged by Obama in 2014. (55.6 million acres).
► Rose Atoll Marine National Monument in American Samoa, proclaimed by Bush in 2009 (8.6 million acres).
► Rio Grande del Norte National Monument in New Mexico, proclaimed by Obama in 2013. (242,555 acres).
► Organ Mountains-Desert Peaks National Monument in New Mexico, proclaimed by Obama in 2014 (496,330 acres).
► Basin and Range National Monument in Nevada, proclaimed by Obama in 2015 (703,585 acres).
► Berryessa Snow Mountain in California, proclaimed by Obama in 2015 (330,780 acres).
► Northeast Canyons & Seamounts Marine National Monument in the Atlantic Ocean, proclaimed by Obama in 2016 (3.1 million acres).
► Mojave Trails National Monument in California, proclaimed by Obama in 2016 (1.6 million acres).
► Bears Ears National Monument in Utah, proclaimed by Obama in 2016 (1.4 million acres).
► Gold Butte National Monument in Nevada, proclaimed by Obama in 2016 (296,937 acres).
► Sand to Snow National Monument in California, proclaimed by Obama in 2016 (154,000 acres).
One other national monument meets the 100,000-acre threshold but was not included on the White House list:
► The San Gabriel Mountains National Monument in California, proclaimed by Obama in 2014 (346,177 acres).
Unlike the other monuments, which are managed by the Interior Department, San Gabriel is managed by the Forest Service, part of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Zinke spokeswoman Heather Swift said she could not rule out action on San Gabriel. The Department of Agriculture did not respond to an inquiry about the status of the monument.

The executive order also allows for a review of sites smaller than 100,000 acres “where the Secretary determines that the designation or expansion was made without adequate public outreach and coordination with relevant stakeholders.”

Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument: 27 Monuments Stop #5

Into Long Canyon...
Burr Trail. Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument. Utah. May 14, 2016.
Copyright © 2017 A. F. Litt, All Rights Reserved
http://www.aflitt.com/grandstaircaseescalantenm
https://sites.google.com/view/nationalmonumentsindanger/monuments/grand-staircase-escalante 


National Monuments in Danger


Take a day off? So far behind in everything! Forget the family, forget other projects... Save the monuments!  Okay, so I might not be as fanatical as that.

But Brent Rose is burning his midnight oil traveling, filming, and editing these videos.  His fifth stop is one of my favorite places in the United States, Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument, which also happens to be one of the inspirations for the monument review, and one of the monuments in the biggest danger of reduction or elimination.

I'll be sharing a lot of content about this very special place over the next few weeks, but I'll let Rose take over for today.








BLM: Grand Staircase-Escalante (as of June 2017) - PDF



To comment on the monument review process (due July 10, 2017):



Links


Contested National Monuments in Utah House Treasure Troves of Fossils (June 13, 2017)
Paleontologists have found incredible dinosaur diversity at Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument. What could nearby Bears Ears hold?



Deseret News: Leave Grand Escalante and Bears Ears as they are (May 4, 2017)


Salt Lake Tribune: 

Bears Ears critics' numbers are misleading: A look at early monument sizes (May 30, 2017)

Editorial: Utah’s national monuments have already justified themselves (April 28, 2017)


Leaked documents show Trump administration plans more mining and drilling on public lands (April 11, 2017)


BLM: 

National Monuments in Danger

Bears Ears National Monument: 27 Monuments Stop #4

Valley of the Gods Road and Butte
Bears Ears National Monument. Utah. May 13, 2016.
Copyright © 2017 A. F. Litt, All Rights Reserved
www.aflitt.com/bearearsnm

National Monuments in Danger

https://sites.google.com/view/nationalmonumentsindanger/home


I'm scrambling a bit to get caught up today after taking yesterday off for some family time and for shooting some old ghost towns in southern Washington, so I'll let Brent Rose's work speak for itself on this Bears Ears update...

After his video and photos, I've added some new links to articles on the monument.  For the older links, check out the older posts.








More Bears Ears news...



Bears Ears critics' numbers are misleading: A look at early monument sizes (May 30, 2017)

A comparison of monument designations by Obama and President Theodore Roosevelt show that recent proclamations, on average, are not that much larger than those a century ago, when Congress passed the Antiquities Act, which Roosevelt invoked with great zeal to safeguard the nation's natural heritage from looters, miners and loggers who were then misappropriating the West's resources.   
... 
The average size of Roosevelt's 18 monuments exceeded 85,000 acres; Obama's 31 nonmarine designations averaged 185,311 acres. That amounts to a size ratio of around 2.3-to-1 ­— not the 47-to-1 evoked by Utah lawmakers.
Early monument blockbusters included Alaska's Glacier Bay, designated by Calvin Coolidge in 1925 (1 million acres), and California's Death Valley, designated by Herbert Hoover in 1933 (1.6 million acres). From the beginning, Roosevelt took an expansive approach toward preserving antiquities to include the landscapes that harbored them. Yet one-third of Roosevelt's designation focused on cultural artifacts; the majority protected geological wonders, such as Natural Bridges in the heart of what is now the Bears Ears.
Roosevelt's two largest monuments, Grand Canyon and Mount Olympus (615,000 acres) generated fierce opposition. The U.S. Supreme Court in 1920 affirmed the Grand Canyon designation, while one of Roosevelt's successors shrank Olympus.
http://www.sltrib.com/news/5323050-155/stand-with-bears-ears-or-shrink




BLM: Bears Ears National Monument Map (as of June 2017) - PDF



To comment on the monument review process (due July 10, 2017):

Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke has extended the comment public comment period for Bears Ears to July 10, 2017, the same as the rest of the monuments currently under review.



Links



27 Monuments:

Website
https://www.27monuments.org

Facebook
https://www.facebook.com/27Monuments

Instagram
https://www.instagram.com/brentdangerrose
https://www.instagram.com/explore/tags/27monuments



Department of the Interior: Secretary Zinke Submits 45-Day Interim Report on Bears Ears National Monument and Extends Public Comment Period (June 12, 2017)
https://www.doi.gov/pressreleases/secretary-zinke-submits-45-day-interim-report-bears-ears-national-monument-and-extends


Inside Science: 

Contested National Monuments in Utah House Treasure Troves of Fossils (June 13, 2017)
Paleontologists have found incredible dinosaur diversity at Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument. What could nearby Bears Ears hold?



The Revelator: The Roots of the Antiquities Act? They’re in Bears Ears (June 15, 2017)


L. A. Times: Op-Ed Shrinking Utah's Bears Ears National Monument would be one more broken promise to Native Americans (June 19, 2017)


Deseret News: Leave Grand Escalante and Bears Ears as they are (May 4, 2017)


Salt Lake Tribune: 

Check out the new book of Native American voices about Bears Ears (June 19, 2017)

Editorial: Zinke leaves Bears Ears dispute unsettled (June 14, 2017)

Bears Ears critics' numbers are misleading: A look at early monument sizes (May 30, 2017)

Editorial: Utah’s national monuments have already justified themselves (April 28, 2017)


Public Land Solutions Whitepaper Highlights Economic Potential for Bears Ears National Monument (April 20, 2017)


BEARS EARS INTER-TRIBAL COALITION CONDEMNS ZINKE RECOMMENDATION TO EVISCERATE BEARS EARS NATIONAL MONUMENT


Leaked documents show Trump administration plans more mining and drilling on public lands (April 11, 2017)
https://thinkprogress.org/blm-priorities-document-91917fc0fca9


BLM: 

BLM on flikr: 



Wikipedia: 


Bears Ears National Monument: Secretary Zinke's Initial Recommendations
Bears Ears National Monument: A Quick Tour of a Monument at Risk
http://rubble.blogspot.com/2017/06/bears-ears-nm-quick-tour.html

Bears Ears National Monument: Video and Links Collection


National Monuments in Danger